This is an excerpt from the document on Penance. These are the rules on Penance as laid down by Pope Paul VI from that document: .....the following is declared and established: I. 1. By divine law all the faithful are required to do penance. 2. The prescriptions of ecclesiastical law regarding penitence are totally reorganized according to the following norms: II. 1. The time of Lent preserves its penitential character. The days of penitence to be observed under obligation throughout the Church are all Fridays and Ash Wednesday, that is to say the first days of "Grande Quaresima" (Great Lent), according to the diversity of rites. Their substantial observance binds gravely. 2. Apart from the faculties referred to in VI and VIII regarding the manner of fulfilling the precept of penitence on such days, absti- nence is to be observed on every Friday which does not fall on a day of obligation, while abstinence and fast is to be observed on Ash Wednesday or, according to the various practices of the rites, on the first day of "Grande Quaresima" (Great Lent) and on Good Friday. III. 1. The law of abstinence forbids the use of meat, but not of eggs, the products of milk or condiments made of animal fat. 2. The law of fasting allows only one full meal a day, but does not prohibit taking some food in the morning and evening, observing - as far as quantity and quality are concerned - approved local custom. IV. To the law of abstinence those are bound who have completed their 14th year of age. To the law of fast those of the faithful are bound who have completed their 21st year and up until the beginning of their 60th year. As regards those of a lesser age, pastors of souls and parents should see to it with particular care that they are educated to a true sense of penitence. V. All privileges and indults, whether general or particular, are abrogated with these norms, but nothing is changed either regarding the vows of any physical or moral person or regarding the constitut- ions and rules of any approved religious congregation or institute. VI. 1. In accordance with the conciliar decree Christus Dominus regarding the pastoral office of bishops, number38,4, it is the task of episco- pal conferences to: A. Transfer for just cause the days of penitence, always taking into account the Lenten season; B. Substitute abstinence and fast wholly or in part with other forms of penitence and especially works of charity and the exercises of piety. 2. By way of information, episcopal conferences should communicate to the Apostolic See what they have decided on the matter. VII. While the faculties of individual bishops of dispensing, according to the decree Christus Dominus, number8b, remain unchanged, pastors also for just cause and in accordance with the prescriptions of the Ordinary may grant to individual faithful as well as individual fami- lies dispensation or commutation of abstinence and fast into other pious practices. The superior of a religious house or clerical instit- ute enjoys the same faculties for his subjects. VIII. In the Eastern rites it is the right of the patriarch, together with the synod or supreme authority of every rite, together with the council of hierarchs, to determine the days of fast and abstinence in accordance with the conciliar decree on the Eastern rites, number 23. IX. 1. It is strongly desired that bishops and all pastors of souls, in addition to the more frequent use of the sacrament of penance (sic), promote with zeal, particularly during the Lenten season, extraordin- ary practices of penitence aimed at expiation and impetration. 2. It is strongly recommended to all the faithful that they keep deep- ly rooted in theirhearts a genuine Christian spirit of penitence to spur them to accomplish works of charity and penitence. X. 1. These prescriptions which, by way of exception, are promulgated by means of L'Osservatore Romano, became effective on Ash Wednesday of this year, that is to say on the 23rd of the present month. 2. Where particular privileges and indults have been in force until now-whether general or particular of any kind-"vacatio legis" [suspen- sion of the law] for six months from the day of promulgation is to be regarded as granted. We desire that these norms and prescriptions for the present and fut- ure be established and effective notwithstanding-inasmuch as is neces- sary-apostolic constitutions and regulations issued by our predecess- ors and all other prescriptions, even if worthy of particular mention and revocation. Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, Feb. 17, 1966, the third year of our pontificate.